Kerala is home to several forts that have played significant roles in its history and are now popular tourist attractions. Here are five important forts in Kerala:
Bekal Fort is the largest and most well-preserved fort in Kerala. Located in Kasaragod district, it was built by the rulers of the ancient Kadamba dynasty and later strengthened by the Tipu Sultan. The fort offers stunning views of the Arabian Sea and features observation towers, underground tunnels, and a water tank. It is a popular destination for history enthusiasts and offers a glimpse into the region's past.
Palakkad Fort, also known as Tipu Sultan Fort, is a historic fort located in the heart of Palakkad town in the state of Kerala, India. Palakkad Gap Fort was constructed by Hyder Ali, the ruler of Mysore, in the late 18th century. It is one of the best-preserved forts in Kerala and holds significant historical and architectural importance. Palakkad Fort is a unique blend of Kerala and Mughal architectural styles. It is a well-preserved stone fort with bastions and a moat.
St. Angelo Fort, also known as Kannur Fort or Kannur Kotta, is a historic fort situated in Kannur district of Kerala. Constructed by the Portuguese in the 16th century, the fort changed hands multiple times and was later occupied by the British. It offers breathtaking views of the Arabian Sea and is now a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India. St. Angelo Fort is a well preserved as a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India. The fort is situated just 3 km from Canannore (Kannur).
Thalassery Fort, also called Tellicherry Fort, is located in Thalassery, Kannur district. Built by the British East India Company in the 18th century, it played a significant role in the colonial history of Kerala. The fort has massive walls, bastions, and a lighthouse. It offers panoramic views of the Arabian Sea and is an important historical landmark.
Chandragiri Fort is situated in the Kasaragod district and was constructed by the Vijayanagara Empire. The fort was built in the 17th century. The fort overlooks the Chandragiri River and offers scenic views of the surrounding area. Although the fort is now in ruins, its historical importance and beautiful location make it a notable site to visit. Chandragiri fort is located around 59 km south of Mangalore and 87 km north of Kannur.
Anchuthengu Fort, also known as Anjengo Fort, is a historic fort located in Anchuthengu village near Varkala in the state of Kerala, India. The fort was established by the British East India Company in the 17th century. It was built in 1696 as a trading post and a defense outpost. Inside the fort complex, there is a lighthouse that was constructed in the early 20th century. The lighthouse offers panoramic views of the surrounding coastline and is still operational today.
These forts in Kerala represent the rich history and architectural heritage of the region. They are not only significant historical landmarks but also provide visitors with insights into the cultural and political dynamics of their respective eras.